Folk and tribal art in India are not just aesthetic objects but in fact have an important signi cance in people’s lives and are tied to their beliefs and rituals. The objects can range from sculpture, masks, paintings, textiles, baskets, kitchen objects, arms and weapons etc. There is a deep symbolic meaning that is attached to not only the objects themselves but also the materials and techniques used to produce them. Often puranic gods and legends are transformed into contem- porary forms and familiar images. Local heroes and deities play a vital role in these arts. Folk art also includes the visual expressions of the wandering no- mads. While most tribes and traditional folk artist communities are as- similated into the familiar kind of civilised life, they still continue to practice their art. Though, market and economic forces have ensured that the numbers of these artists are dwindling. A lot of e ort is being made by the Government of India to preserve and protect these arts and to promote them. The folk spirit has a tremendous role to play in the development of art and in the overall consciousness of indigenous cultures.