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Modern Art

With the Swadeshi Movement gaining momentum by 1905, Indi- an artists attempted to revive the cultural identities suppressed by the British, rejecting the Romanticized style of the Company paint- ings and the mannered work of Raja Ravi Varma and his followers. Thus, was created what is known today as the Bengal School of Art, led by the reworked Asian styles (with an emphasis on Indian nationalism) of Abanindranath Tagore (1871—1951), who has been referred to as the father of Modern Indian art. Other artists of the Tagore family, such as Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) and Gaganendranath Tagore (1867–1938) as well as new artists of the early 20th century such as Amrita Sher-Gil (1913–1941) were re- sponsible for introducing Avant-garde western styles into Indian Art. Many other artists like Jamini Roy and later S.H. Raza took in- spiration from folk traditions. In 1944, K.C.S. Paniker founded the Progressive Painters’ Association (PPA) thus giving rise to the “ma- dras movement” in art.

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